UN-Habitat has been working with the government of Vietnam since 1990 and established its country office in 2007. UN-Habitat supports the government of Vietnam in addressing emerging challenges in urban planning and management, climate change and resilience, and collaborates with city authorities promoting efficient and effective city governance and enhance capacity on city development and management. UN-Habitat programmes and projects in Vietnam focus on the key determinants for sustainable urbanization and inclusive urban development in line with One UN Plan and national priorities.

Population (2018)
96.5 million
Total value of projects
US$ 1,992,268
No. of projects (2014 - 2019)
Total: 11



Seven cities were supported in formulating Community-Based, Participatory City Development Strategies.

Public spaces in Hoan Kiem district developed through participatory, community-based and youth-led approach

Capacity on the urban observatory and statistical systems for evident-based urban development, planning and policies strengthened providing Government Statistics Office with technical support

Urban numbers

Urban numbers

Urban growth has not been matched by sufficient growth in basic infrastructure, decent housing, low-emission transportation and equitable service delivery

Vietnam is susceptible to typhoons, floods, droughts, sea water intrusion, landslides, forest fires and occasional earthquakes because of its topography

Internal migration is leading to rapid urbanization, with the urban population now accounting for nearly 35 percent of the total


Vietnam urban sector has been the driving force for economic growth. However, cities are lack of capacity in terms of prioritizing planning and development needs to gain the dividends of progressive economic development. The centralized decision-making process hinders the more inclusive and participatory planning approach which can promote city competitiveness and sustainable development.

Despite its rapid growth on both economic and social context, Vietnam is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to climate change impact, including but not limited to; sea level rise, longer and more severe droughts, flooding and tropical cyclones; as is typical with climate change in this region the poorest are the most exposed. By 2050, a 1–3% loss in real GDP is predicted from climate change impacts.


United Nations Office for Project Services
Korea Environmental Industry and Technology Institute
Coca Cola Southeast Asia Inc.
Adelphi Research GMBH


Nguyen Quang
Habitat Programme Manager
UN-Habitat Office Vietnam